Genus Hymenorchis

Hymenorchis Schltr.,
Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 994

Monopodial epiphytic plants. Stem elongated. Leaves 4-many, sheathing at the base, glabrous, dorso-ventrally flattened, articulate, duplicate, leathery; sheaths and blade with serrate margins. Inflorescence lateral, a raceme. Flowers small, resupinate, pale green or whitish, usually with a deeper green lip. Sepals free, margins usually serrate. Petals free, intermediate in shape between the lateral sepals and the dorsal sepal. Lip adnate to the column, spurred, not mobile. Column-foot absent. Pollinia 2, solid-waxy, caudicles absent, stipe present, viscidium present.

Java, Philippines, New Guinea, New Caledonia . About 8 species; in New Guinea c. 7 species, but several more, known from herbarium material, appear to be undescribed.

Epiphytes in montane forest, often on exposed twigs high in the canopy.

This is an unusual genus of charming miniature orchids, often growing on thin lichen-covered branches. The leaves in most species have serrate margins, which is highly uncommon in the orchid family, and similar margins are usually present on the flower parts, often including the ribs of the ovary. The flowers are relatively large for the plant, whitish or pale green, almost always with a contrasting dark green lip.