A tree-shaped diagram showing a particular hypothetical phylogeny, usually displaying the character states on which the hypothesis is based.
Also: a similar type of diagram displaying the distribution of the character states for a group of taxa.
Cladogram of Agrostophyllum section Appendiculopsis. The numbered bullets refer to different character states that are present in the descendants following the next branching point to the right. After Schuiteman, 1997.