Calymmanthera paniculata

Calymmanthera paniculata (J.J.Sm.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1913) 955

Basionym: Chamaeanthus paniculatus

Stem 6 cm long, rooting, internodes 0.8-1 cm long. Leaves patent, strap-shaped-lanceolate, apex somewhat contracted, unequally bidentate and minutely serrulate, at the base narrowed, mid-rib grooved above, convex-prominent below, above on either side of the mid-rib convex, fleshy, 4-9 cm long, 1-2 cm wide; sheaths tubular, terete, about equalling the internodes, 0.33-0.45 cm diam. Inflorescence perforating the sheaths dorsally near the base, patent, paniculate, pedunculate, laxly many-flowered, 8 cm long, peduncle thinly terete, 2.5 cm long, with about two shortly tubular scales, branches 8, widely patent, lower ones sometimes rebranching, up to 3 cm long. Floral bracts very small, appressed, triangular, concave, 0.07 cm long. Flowers small, fragrant, 0.63-0.7 cm diam.. Sepals and petals divergent. Median sepal linear, at the base somewhat dilated, apex recurved, concave, 0.5 cm long, at the base 0.1 cm wide. Lateral sepals linear, somewhat falcate, at the base slightly dilated, concave, 0.48 cm long, at the base 0.08 cm wide. Petals linear-subulate, acute, at the base only attached in the middle, concave, 0.44 cm long, at the base 0.07 cm wide. Lip mobile, 3-lobed, not spurred, inside near the base with two elliptic calli separated by a longitudinal groove, when flattened about 0.2 cm long, across the lateral lobes about 0.1 cm wide; lateral lobes basal, short, rounded, papillose, ciliolate; mid-lobe elongated-triangular, acute, 0.15 cm long, at the base 0.06 cm wide. Column short, obtuse, 0.05 cm long. Anther cucullate, at the base bilobed, connective with a large, 5-angled, truncate, convex appendage, in total 0.07 cm long. Pollinia 4, strongly unequal, united in two obovoid-globose bodies (or two deeply grooved ones), stipe short, rather broad, viscidium oblong. Stigma obovate, deeply saccate. Column-foot making an obtuse angle with the ovary, very short, 0.03 cm long. Ovary 6-grooved, 0.14 cm long. (After Smith, 1911, as Chamaeanthus paniculatus J.J.Sm.)

Colours: Flower yellowish, whitish at the base, lip whitish; column green, pollinia yellow.

Habitat: Epiphyte in lowland forest.

Flowering time in the wild: Not known

Distribution: Malesia (?Moluccas, New Guinea).

Distribution in New Guinea: Papua (Indonesia). See map: 109-4M.JPG

Cultivation: Warm growing epiphyte.