Nervilia punctata

Nervilia punctata (Blume) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16 (1902) 199

Basionym: Pogonia punctata

Leaf petiolate, cordate-reniform, c. 7-angular with triangular apex, 5 main nerves grooved above, prominent below, 3.3 cm long, including the basal lobes 4.4 by 4.5 cm; petiole angular, grooved above, 4 cm long. Inflorescence erect, one-flowered, peduncle 4.5 cm long, entirely covered by large, tubular, acute, 2.5-3 cm long scales. Floral bract erect, lanceolate, acute, concave, 0.95 cm long. Flower nodding, 1.6 cm long. Sepals and petals patent. Median sepal lanceolate, acute, concave, 1.95 by 0.4 cm. Lateral sepals obliquely linear-lanceolate, acute, concave, 1.9 by 0.33-0.35 cm. Petals obliquely lanceolate, at the base almost clawed-narrowed, acute, concave, 1.8 by 0.33 cm. Lip clasping and much longer than the column, 3-lobed, when flattened 1.75 cm long, across the lateral lobes 0.78 cm wide, inside puberulous-papillose and in the basal part with a longitudinal, finely villose, longitudinally 1-grooved band, outside with a deep longitudinal groove; lateral lobes erect, porrect, triangular, obtuse or denticulate, minutely finely ciliate, 0.25-0.3 cm long; mid-lobe broadly subrhombic, obtuse, at the base fairly narrow, slightly wavy-dentate and crenate, concave, ciliolate, 0.95 by 0.8 cm. Column clavate, at the apex curved, in front below the stigma pubescent, 0.7 cm long, wings rounded. Anther large, cucullate, subcubical, at the apex slightly retuse, 0.16 cm wide. Ovary oblong-obconical, 6-angular, 0.6 cm long; pedicel short, thin, 0.15 cm long. (After Smith, 1929)

Colours: Leaves green, shiny above, dull underneath. Peduncle scales with purple dots. Sepals, petals and floral bracts pale olive-green, minutely purple-spotted and striped. Lip white, lateral lobes slightly suffused with purple, mid-lobe with purple spots. Column in the basal part pale green, at the apex white, sparsely spotted purple, Anther white, with a few purple spots. Ovary dull green and purple.

Habitat: Terrestrial in secondary lowland forest; 150 m.

Flowering time in the wild: October.

Distribution: Malesia (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, New Guinea), Thailand, ?Laos, Vietnam.

Distribution in New Guinea: Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map: 479-68M.JPG.
Possibly also in New Brittain (Howcroft, pers. comm.)

Cultivation: Warm growing terrestrial, requires shaded position.