Coelogyne fragrans

Coelogyne fragrans Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1 (1911) 102

Type: Schlechter 18216 (lecto K; iso AMES, BO, E, G, L 2x, NSW)

Roots 0.18-0.24 cm diam. Rhizome 0.8-1.34 cm thick. Scale-covered part of the inflorescence-bearing young shoot 9-13.4 cm long. Pseudobulbs up to 1.5 cm apart, oblongoid, obtusely 4-angled when fresh, 6.5-10 cm long. Leaves one or two per pseudobulb. Petiole 3-5 cm long. Blade lanceolate, 21-38.5 by 3.8-6.8 cm; apex acuminate; main nerves 5-7. Inflorescence synanthous with the partially to entirely developed leaves, 2-6-flowered. Peduncle during flowering at the base enclosed by the petiole and scales of the young shoot, 18-38 cm long. Rachis (sub)erect, zigzag, 2.6-9.5 cm long; internodes 1.3-2.04 cm long, slightly curved, (slightly) thickened. Floral bracts ovate-lanceolate, 3.3-5.3 by 0.8-1.2 cm, deciduous or persistent; apex acute; nerves 11-13. Flowers opening (nearly) simultaneously or in succession. Pedicel 0.6-0.8 by 0.15-0.26 cm; ovary 0.8-1.4 by 0.3-0.4 cm. Median sepal oblong, 3.4-4.9 by 0.9-1.7 cm; apex acuminate; nerves 7-9, the midrib a rounded keel 0.06-0.1 cm high. Lateral sepals oblong, 3.3-4.6 by 0.9-1.4 cm; apex acuminate; nerves 6 or 7, the midrib a rounded keel 0.07-0.1 cm high. Petals recurved, 3.1-4.52 by 0.2-0.5 cm; apex acuminate; nerves 3. Lip 2.8-4.5 by 1.5-2.2 cm, nerves 13-15, midrib eccentric. Hypochile when flattened 1.5-2.2 by 1.5-2.2 cm; base attached over 0.9-1.7 cm, not saccate; lateral lobes in front obtuse, extending 0.3-0.6 cm in front and slightly diverging, front margin at the base slightly irregularly erose, with acute sinus; apex slightly saccate; keels 3, not widened along the crest, all keels starting at the base of the lip and there 0.05-0.1 cm high, diverging towards the apex of the hypochilium, converging again on the epichilium, the lateral keels up to 0.25 cm high, consisting of two, often interrupted, undulating rows of irregularly rounded warts on each side of the crest 0.05-0.08 cm high, with papillae but without hairs, separated by a longitudinal groove, the median keel lower than the lateral ones and consisting of one, at a few places interrupted row of undulating, irregularly rounded warts with papillae but without hairs. Epichile convex, when flattened elliptic, 1.3-2 by 1.1-2.2 cm, with a broad, short claw 0.02-0.025 cm thick; base attached over 1-1.1 cm; apex retuse, slightly raised, with an acute apex; margin slightly erose, recurved; sides not pronounced as lateral lobes, without warts, centre 0.04-0.05 cm thick, margin 0.025-0.035 cm thick; keels 2 or 3, ending 0.9-2.8 cm from the apex of the epichilium, on the claw and blade identical with the ornamentation on the hypochilium. Column 2.4-2.67 by 0.7-0.83 cm; hood with more or less truncate apical margin, laterally notched where the wings are attached, the middle part slightly rounded, recurved. Anther broadly bell-shaped in outline, 0.53-0.6 by 0.45-0.5 cm, near the place of attachment with a rounded projecting apex; apex with or without notch. Pollinia obliquely ellipsoid, 0.28-0.35 by 0.16-0.18 cm; caudicle 0.06-0.26 by 0.22-0.23 cm. Stigma 0.35-0.5 by 0.33-0.38 cm; margin apex notched; rostellum 0.27-0.52 by 0.42-0.5 cm, with an acute apex without notch. Fruit body 5.4-6.0 by 2.6-3.8 cm; valvae keels 0.7-1.1 cm high; juga with a pronounced longitudinal ridge 0.35-0.6 cm high without incisions. (After Gravendeel and De Vogel, 1999).

Colours: Ovary bright green. Sepals and petals light green to golden yellow. Lip greenish white or cream coloured, at the base tinged pale green to orange, on the keels brown, warts on keels brown to light orange, epichile base and lateral margins at the base brownish to orange to yellow, lateral lobes along the margins with brownish to bright orange to dark yellow markings, which continue along the margins of the claw. Front half of the epichile cream coloured to greenish white. Column stalk greenish grading to bright yellowish green on the hood, margins of the hood orange; in front below the stigma with two brown lines. Anther creamy yellow.

Habitat: Epiphyte in lowland to montane forest in shaded positions (upper altitudinal limit dubious). Altitude 100-3000 m.

Flowering time in the wild: January, April, July, September, October.

Distribution: Malesia (Moluccas, New Guinea).

Distribution in New Guinea: Papua (Indonesia); Papua New Guinea. See map: 163-127M.JPG

Cultivation: Warm to intermediate growing epiphyte, keep in shade.